Facts on Haiti


COUNTRY INFORMATION

Population: 10,461,000 (UNICEF 2015)

Age structure: (CIA Factbook 2015)
  • 0-14 years: 33.28% (male 1,686,647/female 1,678,156)
  • 15-24 years: 21.64% (male 1,093,024/female 1,094,591)
  • 25-54 years: 35.78% (male 1,801,988/female 1,815,819)
  • 55-64 years: 5.11% (male 247,588/female 269,103)
  • 65 years and over: 4.18% (male 188,952/female 234,151) (2015 est.)
  • Median age: 22.2

EDUCATION

Enrollment & Retention

  • 50 percent of children do not attend school. (World Bank 2013)
  • Approximately 30% of children attending primary school will not make it to third grade; 60% will abandon school before sixth grade. (UNICEF 2008)
  • Only 29 percent of Haitians 25 and above attended secondary school. (USAID 2015)
Quality
  • Almost 80 percent of teachers have not received any pre-service training. (USAID 2015)
  • Half of public sector teachers in Haiti lack basic qualifications. (USAID 2015)
  • 90% of primary schools are non-public and managed by communities, religious organizations or NGOs. (USAID 2007)
Literacy
  • Haiti’s literacy rate is 61% – 64% for males and 57% for females. (CIA Factbook Nov 2015) The average literacy rate for Latin American and Caribbean developing countries is 92%. (World Bank 2015)

POVERTY

  • Haiti ranks 168 out of 187 on the 2014 Human Development Index (UNDP 2015)
  • Gross National Income per capita (at Purchase Power Parity) is $1730. The average for Caribbean/Latin American developing countries is $14,098. (World Bank 2014)
  • 59% of the population lives on less than US$2 per day (World Bank 2012)
  • 24.7% lives in extreme poverty on less than US$1.25 per day. (UNDP 2013)
  • Poverty is mainly rural, at 75.2%, vs. 40.8% in urban areas. (MDG rpt 2013)
  • Over two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs. (CIA Factbook 2014)

HEALTH & NUTRITION


Haiti

  • Western 1/3 of Hispaniola

  • Gained independence on Jan. 1, 1804

  • Jovenel Moise, president elect
  • Capitol: Port-au-Prince
  • Agriculture is the principal economy